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Go Green by Composting

During the last decade, there has been a steady increase in awareness of the various green alternatives.

The green campaign is mainly spearheaded by environmentalists working with equally concerned government agencies in the environmental and energy sector.

Among the various green initiatives is the push for composting – the natural process that turns decomposed organic matter into a very rich soil known as compost.

The use of organic matter that breaks down or is fully utilized while no by-products are left or emitted is one of the initiatives of great importance in the push for a greener environment.

The use of inorganic fertilizers on soil is associated with many unwanted effects to the soil in the long run. People are becoming more concerned about the acidity of soil and are demanding for better methods of farming which include organic farming.

Organic farming involves growing food using organic fertilizers and manure which are mainly composed of compost. The organic fertilizers and manure ensure that no residue is left in the soil and everything that goes into the soil is fully broken down and utilized.

Waste management and composting

A lot of waste is generated from households but much of it is not used in ways that conserve energy. Energy can be produced from waste (municipal solid waste) through an incinerator process. Municipal solid waste (MSW) consists of all the solid waste got from domestic households, commercial buildings, institutions and industries.

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Managing municipal solid waste is a process that involves three methods: disposal in landfills, incineration and recycling. Electricity is generated in waste-to-energy (WTE) plants from MSW incinerators.

How exactly does composting help the environment?

Most of the municipal solid waste winds up in landfills. Composting reduces the amount of this waste in the landfills, thereby helping the environment. Since the disintegration of materials in landfills is anaerobic, compostable items – like most yard wastes and grass clippings – take up a huge amount of space in these landfills – which is really unnecessary.

Anaerobic disintegration occurs with methane gas (a greenhouse gas) minus the presence of oxygen. When the amount of solid waste decreases, the lifespan of the landfills increases and at the same time the production of methane gas is reduced.

Other compostable items include kitchen scraps, in addition to dairy, meat products, greasy and oily materials, which again take up unnecessary space in landfills. A more eco-friendly way of disposing of such compostable materials is by recycling them into a compost pit.

Here, they are broken down aerobically using oxygen. The rate at which the disintegration occurs depends on the amount of air, moisture and temperature levels. When all the right conditions are in place, the compostable materials will swiftly breakdown into dark organic compost, which can then be used as organic fertilizer or as mulch.

This in turn makes for better soil structure and healthier plant growth, not to mention reduction in soil erosion, minimal compaction of soil, minimal loss of soil nutrients and less pollution of water bodies. Read this article How to Recycle And Compost Your Trash for more details.

In a nutshell, composting is one of the best ways to go green, which not only helps our health positively, but also the atmosphere, soil and water.

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