Solar Power Battery
Due to the fact that fuel and electricity costs are becoming exorbitant for most people, they have decided to
divert to the use of solar panels in order to generate power at a lower rate.
Production of power through this means is less expensive because the energy consumed is from the sun. All one
needs is to buy a solar
panel to convert the heat from the sun and a battery for storing the converted energy.
This makes the battery a vital element in the generation of this power - due to the fact that, minus the battery
to store the energy, you would only be able to access solar power when the sun is out.
The battery bank is the only part of the solar power system that is misunderstood by most people. This is
because different batteries are required to power varying devices. For example, some golf carts use wet cells while
others use sealed cells and, they have different ventilation, mounting and temperature requirements.
These batteries also have a different charge or discharge cycle. For instance, a car battery has thin plates so
as to keep its weight down and, it’s made for heavy discharge, though it lasts for only a short duration.
Types of solar batteries
These are some of the preferred batteries that are used in the generation of solar power.
1) RV/Marine/Golf Cart – these batteries are best suited for small systems. This is because they don’t have the
capability for nonstop service due to minimal power discharge which lasts for a few years. An example of these
batteries is the golf cart battery. They can’t be charged too much as this may cause internal damages, thus making
them less preferable for use. These types of batteries however, are pocket friendly - they are very cheap.
2) Flooded types – they are the most preferred batteries for a solar electric application. They are lead acid
batteries and have caps that enable one to add battery water when needed. Examples of this type of batteries
include Surrette, Deka and Trojan.
They come at a reasonable price that is within the financial reach for most people, without heavily affecting
their budgets. They guarantee long service life for and they are not easily damaged.
3) Gel – these are sealed gel batteries. Unlike the flooded batteries, these batteries have no vent and don’t
emit any gas during charging thus, they are capable of maintaining constant temperatures for better performance.
They are also reasonably priced.
4) AGM – these batteries have a woven glass mat between the plates that holds the electrolyte. They don’t leak
nor emit any gas during charging. They last longer compared to other types of batteries and have a slower self
discharge hence, good service and performance.
Care and Feeding
For durability and good service, you need to maintain your battery in pristine condition. storing it at
temperatures below 77 degrees is desirable - because the voltage drops as it gets colder. Let the voltage of your
battery drop to 70% before you recharge it.
Whenever the acid or battery water has decreased in volume, it’s advisable that you add more. These are some of
the measures you ought to take so as to keep your battery in good condition.