Concept of Eco Toilets for the Home
It has been foreseen by many environmentalists that there will be wars amongst countries over water.
Water, which is a natural resource and without which living things cannot exist, will soon be a rarity unless we
do something now to preserve water for the generations to come.
One place in our homes where there is maximum water wastage is perhaps our bathrooms and toilets. Though water
is used extensively for various purposes around the home, it is the bathrooms and toilets that see the maximum
What we see as flushing the toilets with water to keep it clean and hygienic is being perceived as waste of
water by ecologists. The toilet does not need that much of water in the tank to flush-off solid and non-solid
When it comes to preserving water for future, it is hence important that we start from our toilets. This idea of
saving the water or perhaps controlling the wastage of
water in our bathrooms and toilets has given rise to a whole new concept of eco toilets for the home.
Eco toilets function basically to save water. An eco toilet uses only 1.6 gallons of water per flush as opposed
to a normal flush toilet that uses 3.5 gallons of water. There are a variety of eco toilets available today which
help in reducing the consumption of water and thereby preserve the environment. The best thing is that these eco
toilets for the home are affordable too.
Here are some variants of eco toilets that you can adopt:
1. Dual flush toilets: Dual flush toilets are a solution to less usage of water in
the toilets. An eco toilet with a dual flush option is one solution to conserve water. The two options offered in a
dual flush toilet are :
• A full flush – it uses 1.6 gallons of water per flush. A full flush is used in case of human excreta.
• A half flush – it uses 0.79 gallons of water per flush and is used for urine.
2. Compost toilets: A compost toilet has become quite popular in many countries.
Composting toilets do not use water. All the waste can be collected in a composter or pan. The human excreta is
broken down into humus (usable/fertile organic compost) by bacteria present in it. Some composters have a low power
fan fitted inside to do away with odor.
It can be installed a few yards away from the house and is a permanent fixture. Care is required when
constructing or installing a composting toilet to prevent bugs, pests from causing damage. Proper ventilation has
to be provided for air circulation. Though these eco toilets are a bit expensive, in the long run they save water
and provide organic compost.
3. Squat toilets: The squat toilets are more popular in Asian countries. These eco
toilets are placed in the floor and the user must squat over it to use the toilet. The waste is washed away by
pouring water with a bucket or a hose. Less water is used and is also considered more hygienic as the buttocks and
thighs do not have to come into contact with the toilet seat.
By having eco toilets for the home, we can make sure that less water is consumed and more water is
preserved for tomorrow.
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